Learning focus: to learn about magnets (check with your adult before using magnets – they can damage some electrical equipment)
Magnets have a north pole and a south pole. Opposite poles attract each other, but two north poles will repel each other, as will two south poles.
Watch this film (if you are able) https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zfrxhbk
When two magnets are close, they create pushing or pulling forces on one another. These forces are strongest at the ends of the magnets. The two ends of a magnet are known as the north pole and the south pole.
Same poles repel If you try to put two magnets together with the same poles pointing towards one another, the magnets will push away from each other. We say they repel each other.
Different poles attract If you put two magnets together with different poles pointing towards one another, the magnets will pull towards each other. We say they attract each other.
Now have a go at the activities on the BBC website: https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zfrxhbk or explore with some fridge magnets. What objects are they attracted to? What type of object/material will/won’t the magnet stick to? Do you notice any patterns?
If you don’t have any magnets in your house, have a play around with some other forces like Friction: the force between two surfaces when they move against each other, for example: your bike wheel and the brake pads, different shoes on different surfaces around the house and outside.
You could explore Gravity by seeing how different shaped objects fall to the ground (again check with the adults before you drop things)